Understanding Different Types of Cancers (and How They Work)


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Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. It accounts for the nearly 10 million deaths in 2020, or the almost one in six.

Everyone has different risks for different types of cancer. Genetics, environment, and lifestyle can all influence your risk of developing certain types of cancers. It is also good to be aware of the signs and symptoms of cancers of all kinds so that you can recognize them and seek help early on.

Please keep reading to learn about the different types of cancers and how they work.

Brain Cancer

Brain cancer, or primary brain tumor, is a disease that starts when normal cells in the brain change and grow out of control, forming a mass of cancer cells. Different types of cancers can arise in the brain. Some of the most common are astrocytomas, gliomas, medulloblastomas, and oligodendrogliomas.

These types of brain cancer are different and require different treatments. Astrocytomas, for example, are the most common form of benign brain tumor and usually occur in children. They are treated with the surgery and radiotherapy.

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer affecting women. It is characterized by abnormal tissue growth in the breast cells and is usually caused by a combination of environment, lifestyle, and genetic factors. Understanding the different types of breast cancer and how they work can help us better diagnose and treat this disease.

There are two main types of breast cancer: ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and invasive breast cancer. By being aware of the types of breast cancer, individuals are better able to talk to their doctor about which kind of cancer they may have and the best possible cancer treatment plan.

Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the small organs that store liquid waste materials in the body. This type of cancer can affect both men and women, although it is more common in men. Bladder cancer can be either superficial, which means it appears only on the surface of the bladder and has not spread, or invasive, which means it has spread to other parts of the body.

Treatment of bladder cancer will vary depending on the type and stage of the cancer. Surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy may be used to remove the tumor, while immunotherapy may be used to boost the body’s immune response.

Leukemia & Lymphoma

Leukemia and lymphoma are two different types of blood and bone marrow cancers. Leukemia is a cancerous disease of the blood cells that affects the bone marrow and causes the body to produce an excess of abnormal white blood cells. Lymphoma is a type of cancer affecting the lymphatic system, a system of vessels and organs that transport fluids throughout the body.

Both leukemia and lymphoma can lead to the production of abnormal cells that can grow and spread rapidly. Treatment for both cancers typically includes chemotherapy, radiation, and stem cell transplants.

Knowing the Different Types of Cancers

Cancers require detailed research and understanding to treat and prevent them. Although many different types of cancers exist, they share the exact underlying cause: uncontrolled cell growth. It is essential to take preventative measures, such as a healthy diet, exercise, and regular check-ups, that can help protect you and your family from developing cancer. Make an appointment with your healthcare provider today to ensure you stay as healthy as possible.



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